Signs, Symptoms and Management of postpartum depression

POSTPARTUM-DEPRESSION

The signs symptoms can range from mild depression to severe postnatal psychosis. The symptoms are similar to those that occur with depression of other forms. They usually include one or more of the following. In PND (post natal depression), the signs and symptoms usually disappear in one or two weeks. Below are the symptoms:

  • Low mood – Tends to be worse first thing in the morning, but not always.
  • Lack of interest in yourself and baby
  • Lack of motivation to do anything
  • Crying spells
  • Irritability and restlessness
  • Feelings of guilt and rejection
  • Lack of concentration
  • poor memory
  • Feeling unable to cope with anything
  • Mood swings
  • Lack of sleep
  • Anger and apprehension

In severe cases of depression, you may also have thoughts about harming your baby. It is not uncommon for women with PND to have these thoughts. If things are very bad you may have ideas of harming or killing yourself. This only happens in very rare cases. If you have such thoughts, you must ask for help.

Tips of management:

Baby blues
The baby blues mild form of depression. It usually fade on their own within a few days to one to two weeks. In the meantime:

  • Get as much sleep and rest as you can
  • Accept help from family and friends
  • Connect with other new mothers.
  • Spend time to take care of yourself
  • Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs, which can make mood swings worse.
  • In case of moderate to severe depression you may require

Counselling and Psychotherapy
It may help to talk through your concerns with a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health provider. Through therapy, you can find better ways to cope with your feelings, solve problems, set realistic goals and respond to situations in a positive way. Sometimes family or relationship therapy also helps. Counselling for both you and your partner. Counselling can give you emotional support and help with problem solving.

Antidepressants
Your doctor may recommend an antidepressant. If you’re breast-feeding, any medication you take will enter your breast milk. However, some antidepressants can be used during breast-feeding with little risk of side effects for your baby. However long term use of antidepressants are not advised.

You may also benefit from a home nurse or care taker. And also educating the mother about parenthood

 

Prof. Mrs.Kavitha Narayan (Msc(N).R.N, R.M) is a creative writer, research guide, philosopher, teacher and currently working as a principal. She also work as resource person, organizer for many national workshops, consultant for many educational projects. I am here to share my years long knowledge with everyone.

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