Authors Posts by Kavitha Narayan

Kavitha Narayan

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Prof. Mrs.Kavitha Narayan (Msc(N).R.N, R.M) is a creative writer, research guide, philosopher, teacher and currently working as a principal. She also work as resource person, organizer for many national workshops, consultant for many educational projects. I am here to share my years long knowledge with everyone.

How to Get Clear Skin in 2 weeks

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Good Health Tips

Do you always dream of getting a clear skin? Here your dream comes true. Let us discuss How to Get Clear Skin by following simple ten steps:

How to Get Clear Skin

  • Have a face wash before sleep
    Always wash your face before going to bed. If you’re not washing away all the dirt and sweat from the day, you’re asking for a breakout. Try an gentle cleanser and moistrizer if available.
  • Use natural cleansers
    Facial cleansers with too many harsh chemicals can actually be harmful to your skin. Using natural, organic cleansers will help your skin clear up faster and can be much more effective than unnatural cleansers.
  • Ensure a proper, nutritious diet
    Eat lots of fruits, nuts, seeds, beans etc. Eating healthy and vitamins rich diet along with the micro-nutrients can do wonders for your skin.
  • Don’t pop pimple
    Whatever you do, resist the urge to squeeze. It is tempting to pick and pop at a pimple, but that can lead to permanent scarring and further breakouts.do it the right way. Sterilize your hands and a small needle with rubbing alcohol, then gently puncture the white-head of the pimple, just enough to break the skin.
  • Exercise
    You might be thinking How to Get clear Skin by exercising. But you wont believe that exercising properly can make your skin really very glowing as well as young. Be sure to wash your face after your exercise routine. Because if you don’t wash sweat and dirt, they can clog your pores.
  • Detoxify your body
    Drink minimum 8 to 10 glasses of water per day can help to detoxify your body. Know more about How to Detox your Body.
  • Use antioxidants like green tea
    Replace unhealthy drinks with green tea as green tea is a wonderful source of antioxidant.
  • Ex-foliate your skin
  • Have proper sleep
    Have a minimum 7 to 8 hours of sound sleep. It will not only rejuvenate your face but your whole body as well as mind.
  • Use Lemon based toner
    As lemon can be the best ways to clear your skin, try using lemon based toners.

How to Get Clear Skin Fast

By applying all these simple steps will provide you a beautiful and glowing skin. There is one more ancient technique by which you can know How to Get Clear Skin Fast. It is called Yoga. From times you have been heard about yoga benefits. Try some of yoga poses for a better skin.

Types of Anemia | Causes of Anemia

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types of anemia
types of anemia

Anemia is a condition in which there is a deficiency of red cells or haemoglobin in the blood. Haemoglobin is a main part of red blood cells that binds oxygen. More than 52 percent of women is affected with anemia. Women are affected more than compared to men. Now let us understand Types of Anemia and Causes of Anemia:

Types of Anemia

There are around 400 different Types of Anemia. The major seven types of anaemia are:

Iron deficiency anaemia
It is caused by a shortage of iron in the body. Your bone marrow needs iron to make haemoglobin which is a protein molecule in the red blood cells. Without enough iron, the body cannot produce enough haemoglobin for RBCs

Vitamin- deficiency anaemia/ magaloblastic anaemia
This occurs when you body does not have enough of folate or Vit B12. Vit B12 is necessary for the formation of R.B.C. It usually happens when your digestive system is not able to absorb the vitamin. Usually associated with pernicious anaemia, gastrectomy chron’s disease or celiac disease.

Pernicious anaemia
In this anaemia your body destroys cells in your stomach that helps you to absorb vitamin vit B12.

Sickle cell anaemia
It is an inherited disorder that affects mainly African-American and hispanic americans.
In this condition red cells become crescent shaped because of genetic defect.
They break down rapidly,so that oxygen doesnot get to the body’s organs causing anaemia.

Aplastic anaemia
This is a condition which occurs when there is a marked reduction in the formation of red blood cells due to failure of bone marrow to produce new cells. Bone marrow is a red spongy material inside bones which produce stem cells which give rise to other cells.

Haemolytic anaemia
It is a form of anaemia due to haemolysis, the abnormal breakdown of red blood cells either in the blood vessels or outside the blood vessels.
This condition can be acquired or inherited.

Fanconi anaemia
This is a rare inherited disorder affects bone marrow and results in bone marrow failure. Bone marrow fails to produce enough red blood cells to replace the dead red blood cells.

Causes of Anemia

The Causes of Anemia can be divided into three groups:

1. Anemia caused by blood loss as in case of ulcers, haemorrhoids, gastritis, cancer, accidents, use of NSAIDs (non sterioidal antiinflammatory drugs), menorrhagia and child birth.

2. Anemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production.
In this condition body produce less number of blood cells or blood cells may not function correctly. The conditions associated includes:

  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Bone marrow and stem cell problems
  • Vitamin deficiency

3. Anemia caused by destruction of blood cells. The conditions associated includes:

  • Liver and kidney failure due to toxins
  • Auto immune disorders
  • Infection, drugs , snake bite
  • Severe hypertension, clotting disorders, burns
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Enlarged spleen and disorders of spleen
  • Inherited conditions such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia

 

How to Detox your Body | Natural Detox

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How to Detox your Body
How to Detox your Body

Detoxifying can help to protect you from disease and renew your ability to maintain optimum health. It can boost your energy levels and cleanse your body at the same time. Here are some Natural Detox or natural ways of How to Detox your Body daily with these diet, supplements and lifestyle practices:

How to Detox your Body

WATER
Consume more and more water as it is the best and simple ways to cleanse your body.Water can help to flush out your system naturally, and if you drink enough if it then this happens routinely. Proper water intake can contribute to clearer skin, properly functioning organs, and a more effective circulatory, respiratory, and digestive system.

REDUCE SUGAR
Reduce your intake of sugar. If you take more sugar,you ask your body for more insulin, straining your pancreas and wearing yourself out.

GO FOR ORGANIC FOOD
When you choose the right organic foods then you avoid the toxins that can be harmful to your health. This is a simple way of detoxifying the body and all it takes is making good choices at the grocery store.

GREEN TEA
Green Tea is not only full of antioxidants, it hydrates you (especially if it’s herbal) and fills you up.

CONSUME MORE FIBRE
Eating fibre is one of the most essential ways of cleansing your body in its most natural form. Beets, radishes, artichokes, cabbage, broccoli, spirulina, and seaweed are excellent detoxifying foods.

CITRUS FRUITS
Citrus fruits contains Vitamin-C which helps in cleansing of your body. Best and easily available are Oranges and Lemons. Try to add a lemonade to your daily diet, preferably in the morning.

SWEAT IN SAUNA
Sauna bath is also a very good method draining out all toxins ou od your body.

YOGA, MEDITATION AND EXERCISE
Yoga and meditation are very effective ways to clean your body as well as mind. Take out few minutes in a day for yourself and sit in a quite place and try Yoga and meditation. There are so many exercises available which will not only tone your body but will also clean your body. Here are some of the Exercises with Images.

Natural Detox

The above mentioned ways all are natural which can detox your body in natural ways. Natural Detox is also the same thing, a detoxification method by which body gets detoxified by applying natural ways.

Treatments Available For Breast Cancer

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breast cancer treatment

The breast cancer treatment depends on the type of Breast Cancer, its stage, grade and sensitivity to hormones.

Treatments Available For Breast Cancer

The main available options of breast cancer treatment are surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biological therapy and targeted therapy.

Surgery
Surgery is considered as primary treatment for early stage breast cancer. many patients are cured with surgery alone. Surgery can be followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy if required.

The are two main types of surgery to remove breast cancer:-
1. Breast- conserving surgery (lumpectomy, quadrantectomy, partial mastectomy or segmental mastectomy) in which the part of the breast containing cancer is removed.
2. Mastectomy the all breast is removed.

Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy is the treatment with high energy rays or particles that destroy cancer cells. Radiotherapy is often given after breast conserving surgery .
radiation may also be recommended after or distant metastatic cancer.

Chemotherapy
It is the treatment with cancer killing drugs.It can be given intravenously or by mouth.Common chemo drugs used for early breast cancer include-
Anthracyclines
Doxorubicin / adriamycin
epirubicin/ellence
paclitaxel/taxoteri
This may be used in combination with other drugs like fluorouracil[5-FU],cyclophosphamide and carboplatin.

Hormonal Therapy
Hormonal Therapy treat hormone- receptor – positive breast cancers in two ways.
1. by lowering the amount of oestrogen in the body.
2.By blocking the action of oestrogen in breast cancer cells.

Biological Therapy
biological therapy is also called bio teraphy or immunal therapy. it is designed to stimulate or restore the ability of immune system to fight against infection and diseases.

Targeted Therapy
It is a new type of cancer treatment that uses drugs or other substances that block the growth and spread of cancer by interfering specific molecules that are evolved in the progress of cancer.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

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Symptoms of Breast Cancer

Warning sings of Breast Cancer are not the same for all woman. The signs and symptoms of breast cancer can be classified under local and general.

Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer

Changes in the shape of the breast

  • a lump in the breast- Sometimes the lump on a screening mammogram before it can be felt. The lump may feel like as it is attached to the skin or chest wall and cannot be moved.
  • a lump in the armpit that can spread through lymphnodes
  • the lump may feel hard and irregular in shape and very different from rest f breast tissues, usually painless.

Skin Changes
Thickening and dimpling of the skin which resembles orange peel.

Nipple Changes
Itching of the breast or nipple may be a sign of inflammatory breast cancer.
Discharge from the nipple also can be a sign of breast cancer.

General Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Head ache
  • Fatigue
  • Weightloss
  • Shortness of breath
  • Plural effusion
  • Infections
  • Bone pain

Signs and symptoms of secondary invasion as per stage and other organ involvement.
Treatment for Breast Cancer

Stages of Breast Cancer

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Stages of Breast Cancer

We discussed Warning, Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer in our previous article and now explaining the Stages of Breast Cancer. Staging of breast cancer is very important as prognosis and treatment is based on it. Although there are many system of classifications existing the most popular one is TNM system.

TNM stands for:-
T – Tumor size
N – Lymph node involvement
M- Metastasis or spreading (involvement of other organs and parts of the body)

Stages of Breast Cancer

Stages of breast cancer range from 0 to IV. Stages depends on tumour, lymph node and metastasis.

Stage 0

  • Tumour in situ  (localized tumour less than 1 cm in diameter)
  • No lymph node involvement
  • No metastasis

Stage I
Stage 1 can be classified as 1a and 1b according to the size of tumour.

  • Tumour in sit (1 to 2 cm in diameter)
  • No lymph node involvement
  • No metastasis

Stage II
Stage II also can be divided into II a and IIb

  • Tumor size more than 2 c.m
  • Lymph node involvement
  • No metastasis

Stage III

Stage III can be divided into IIIa and IIIb

  • Tumour grown to a greater extent.
  • Ipsilateral and axillary lymph node involvement.
  • No distant metastasis but metastasis to axillary lymphnodes

Stage IV

  • Tumour can be of any size
  • The lymph node may or may not contain cancer cells.
  • Cancer has spread to other parts of the body like liver, brain. bone etc

Treatment for Breast Cancer

What is Breast Cancer and Risk Factors of Breast Cancer

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what is breast cancer
what is breast cancer

One of the most common health problems of civilization is cancer and it is equally important to understand that what is breast cancer. Cancer in any form is life threatening. But the most common type of cancer which affects women is Breast Cancer. It is estimated that one among 8 to 10 women are affected with some of breast cancer during their lives. It can affect even men at an incidence rate of 1 percent. So let us understand,

What is Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a malignant tumour that develops from breast tissue. It occurs due to mutations or abnormal changes. Abnormal growth in number / hyperplasia or abnormal growth in size / hypertrophy can occur due to abnormal mutation.

Survival Rate of Breast Cancer

A five year survival rate is 90 percent if caught early. A malignant tumour that starts in the cells of the breast can grow into surrounding tissues or spread / metastasise to distant areas of the body. Now when we have understand what is breast cancer, let us discuss the risk factors of breast cancer.
Stages of Breast Cancer

Risk Factors of Breast Cancer

The exact cause is unknown but there are number of risk factors of breast cancer which can not be modified and also which can be modified:

Risks factors of breast cancer that you cannot change include:

  • Age: the chances of getting cancer increases as age advances
  • Genes: family history of breast cancer.
  • Personal factors:
  • beginning of periods before age 12 or going through menopause after age 55

Other risk factors of breast cancer that can be changed include:

  • Overweight or obese
  • Not having children or having first child after age 35
  • Having a dense/ heavy breast
  • Using hormone replacement
  • Taking birth control pills
  • Smoking
  • Alcoholism

Signs & Symptoms Of Breast Cancer

Infertility- what u need to know

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infertility
infertility

Infertility refers to the inability to conceive after having regular unprotected intercourse for minimum period of one year.

Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring

Infertility Causes and Risk Factors

  • Age- A woman’s fertility start to drop after 30-35 years of age.
    A man’s  fertility progressively drops after 40’s.
  • Obese /overweight- Obesity/overweight and a sedentary lifestyle are often found to be the main causes of female infertility.  A overweight man has a higher risks of having abnormal sperms.
  • Stress- ovulation and sperm production maybe affected by stress if at least one partner is stressed, it is possible that frequency of intercourse is less resulting in lower chance of consumption.
  • Underweight and eating disorders- women who have become seriously underweight due to eating disorder may have fertility problems.
  • Alcoholism- a women’s fertility can be seriously affected by alcohol consumption. alcohol abuse can also lower male fertility.
  • Exposure to chemicals/radiation-  some pesticides, metals( lead) , herbicides, radiation, have been associated with fertility problems in both men and women.
  • Over exercising – a woman who exercise more than 7 hours a week.
  • Smoking- smoking in both men and woman can lead to infertility, smoking during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage.
  • Infections – pelvic inflammatory diseases and sexual transmitted diseases (STD)can lead to infertility.
  • Hormonal causes- Hormonal in balances like hypothyroidism and  hyperprolactinemia can lead to loss of fertility.

 

Adolescence a crucial stage

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Health News Articles
Health News Articles

” Adolescence – A period of stress and strain”

Adolescence can be a crucial and critical stage in ones life. It is the period of transition from childhood to adulthood. As staged by the (WHO) one falls into adolescence at the age of 10-19.

Biological processes drive many aspects of this growth and development, with the onset of puberty marking the passage from childhood to adolescence. Many adolescents face tough choices regarding school work, sexuality, drugs, alcohol, and social life. Peer groups, romantic interests and external appearance tend to naturally increase in importance for some time during a teen’s journey toward adulthood.

Adolescence can be divided into 3 stages:
Early adolescence(11-14 years).
Middle adolescence(15-17 years).
 Late adolescence(18-21 years)
Teens experience Mental, physical and sexual changes
During adolescence there is sharp increase in height and weight. Puberty is defined as the biological changes in adolescent.

Intellectual development
Many adolescents perceive the world around them in concrete terms. They have their own rights and wrongs, but by reaching late adolescents youngsters appreciate ideas.
Emotional Changes
They are lot of emotional changes and mood swings during this period. They try to keep away from parents and spend more time with friend and seek for autonomy.
Expansion in Society
Adolescents expand their social world  by mingling with others. Teenagers often get confused and conflicted with social friendship.
Confusing Sometimes
Adolescence can be a confusing time for parents too.The pride you feel seeing youngsters become independent can be countered by a sense of displacement.To get instant Expert Advice please click on the live chat button…

Signs, Symptoms and Management of postpartum depression

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POSTPARTUM-DEPRESSION

The signs symptoms can range from mild depression to severe postnatal psychosis. The symptoms are similar to those that occur with depression of other forms. They usually include one or more of the following. In PND (post natal depression), the signs and symptoms usually disappear in one or two weeks. Below are the symptoms:

  • Low mood – Tends to be worse first thing in the morning, but not always.
  • Lack of interest in yourself and baby
  • Lack of motivation to do anything
  • Crying spells
  • Irritability and restlessness
  • Feelings of guilt and rejection
  • Lack of concentration
  • poor memory
  • Feeling unable to cope with anything
  • Mood swings
  • Lack of sleep
  • Anger and apprehension

In severe cases of depression, you may also have thoughts about harming your baby. It is not uncommon for women with PND to have these thoughts. If things are very bad you may have ideas of harming or killing yourself. This only happens in very rare cases. If you have such thoughts, you must ask for help.

Tips of management:

Baby blues
The baby blues mild form of depression. It usually fade on their own within a few days to one to two weeks. In the meantime:

  • Get as much sleep and rest as you can
  • Accept help from family and friends
  • Connect with other new mothers.
  • Spend time to take care of yourself
  • Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs, which can make mood swings worse.
  • In case of moderate to severe depression you may require

Counselling and Psychotherapy
It may help to talk through your concerns with a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health provider. Through therapy, you can find better ways to cope with your feelings, solve problems, set realistic goals and respond to situations in a positive way. Sometimes family or relationship therapy also helps. Counselling for both you and your partner. Counselling can give you emotional support and help with problem solving.

Antidepressants
Your doctor may recommend an antidepressant. If you’re breast-feeding, any medication you take will enter your breast milk. However, some antidepressants can be used during breast-feeding with little risk of side effects for your baby. However long term use of antidepressants are not advised.

You may also benefit from a home nurse or care taker. And also educating the mother about parenthood